Howlite is a mineral. It is a calcium hydroxylated borosilicate of chemical formula Ca 2 B 5 SiO 9 (OH) 5.
A calcium borosilicate hydroxide (Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5), is a borate mineral found in evaporite deposits. It was discovered near Windsor, Nova Scotia in 1868 by Henry How (1828–1879), a Canadian chemist, geologist, and mineralogist. How was alerted to the unknown mineral by miners in a gypsum quarry, who found it to be a nuisance. He called the new mineral silico-boro-calcite. It was given the name howlite by James Dwight Dana shortly thereafter.
The most common form of howlite is irregular nodules, sometimes resembling cauliflower. Crystals are rare, having been found in only a couple localities worldwide. Crystals were first reported from Tick Canyon, California, and later at Iona, Nova Scotia. Crystals reach a maximum size of about 1 cm. The nodules are white with fine grey or black veins in an erratic, often web-like pattern, opaque with a sub-vitreous lustre. The crystals at Iona are colorless, white or brown and are often translucent or transparent.
Its structure is monoclinic with a Mohs hardness of 3.5 and lacks regular cleavage. Crystals are prismatic and flattened. The crystals from Tick Canyon are elongated along the 010 axis, while those from Iona are elongated along the 001 axis.
Howlite is commonly used to make decorative objects such as small carvings or jewelry components. Because of its porous texture, howlite can be easily dyed to imitate other minerals, especially turquoise because of the superficial similarity of the veining patterns. Howlite is also sold in its natural state, sometimes under the misleading trade names of “white turquoise” or “white buffalo turquoise,” or the derived name “white buffalo stone.”
In the context of the pseudoscience of crystal healing, Howlite is thought to have properties that help relieve stress, provide mental stability, and, strengthen bones and teeth, among other benefits